SID, STAR
MISS Approach

START 

Inicio STAR MISS APP.PNG

Click on Utilities PANS OPS / PBN/SID_STAR_MISSED/ NEW DATA and the WIZARD appears. 

Also you can LOAD DATA if you previusly have save data to recreate a procedure.

You have to complete 2 wizards and then click on workspace what output tell you, it depends on SID, STAR or Miss Approach.

WIZARD 1

SID_RNAV1.PNG

Wizard is very easy to fill in, just introduce the necessary data.

 

Select SID, STAR or Miss Approach. Select CAT A to H.

Select Nominal Slope: 2.5% or 7% for example.

Select Areas Slope 10% or 2.5% for example.

Also you can select WIND if is other than ICAO.

Click on FL limitation if there is a limitation of speed (kt) below an altitude (ft) in your air space.

Select general specification:

GNSS, 2 DME, 3 DME or RNAV (union of GNSS and 2DME).

WIZARD 2

SID_RNAV1_b.PNG

Wizard 2 is very easy to fill in, just click on ADD to add Points to the wizard or delete to delete point.

 

SID: from DER to Final Point.

 

STAR: from Init STAR point to FAF or IAF.

Miss Approach: From SOC or another to Final Point of MA.

Also you can save the data for a new procedure with same points but with other parameters. So it is easy to change data and redraw another procedure with same points but others parameters.

Also you can only draw track and stabilization for other CAT etc.

Specific specification

especificac_star.PNG

Specific specification depends on the General specification you have selected in the wizard 1.

So if you have selected GNSS in wizard 1 you can choose between RNAV1_2, RNVA5 or RNPAPCH for example, this is the available specific specification of GNSS.

Type of WayPoints

Puntos_STAR.PNG

There are 3 type of Points:

Flyby, flyover and Altitude.

There are 4 Path Terminator Types available:

Track to Fix

Course to Fix

Direct to Fix

Radius to Fix

If you select DF and the turn is more the 120º a box open ask for you if the turn is to right or left.

Type of WayPoints

Puntos_STAR.PNG
  • Flyby follow by a Track to Fix

  • Flyover follow by a Track to Fix

  • Flyover follow by a Direct to Fix

  • Flyover follow by a Course to Fix

  • Altitude follow by a Course on Track (Is A Course To Fix on a Track)

  • Altitude follow by a Direct to Fix

  • Altitude follow by a Direct to Fix

  • Altitude follow by a Course to Fix

  • RF Radius to Fix

Altitude (ft)

Puntos_STAR.PNG

Altitude (ft)

  • SID: you only have to fill in DER altitude (ft). Altitude of next points is automatically calculated (10% for areas and for the nominal track 7% or another you fill in before)

  • STAR:  you have to fill in all altitudes of every point. 

  • Miss Approach: you have to fill in altitude of the first Point (SOC or another), next points is automatically calculated.

Data fill in

Puntos_STAR.PNG

Turn

  • Click on Turn (ft) and fill in IAS limitation, if there is a limitation on IAS in the waypoint.

Course

  • If you have selected Course to Fix as end leg termination you have to Introduce the TRUE Bearing in decimal degrees.

Data fill in

Puntos_STAR.PNG

Select Tolerance on Route (only for STAR)

  • If the waypoint is an Route segment click this check (is going to select the sw and parameters from Route)

Select Tolerance on FAF (only for STAR)

  • Click only this checkbox if the point is a FAF on a STAR segment.

Data fill in

Puntos_STAR.PNG

Select Tolerance on MAPT RNP APCH if tolerance init of miss approach start at this tolerance and areas.

Finish Wizard

Workspace_sid.PNG

SID 

Click on workspace the following:

  1. ARP

  2. THR (the far from DER not the near)

  3. DER

  4. and the next points...

STAR

Click on workspace the following:

  1. ARP

  2. Init Star Point

  3. the next points up to IAF or FAF.

Finish Wizard

Workspace_miss.PNG

Miss Approach:

Click on workspace the following:

  1. Selec Plane VNAV/OAS (this is for calculate the cut of tolerances KK and latest with the OAS or VNAV) if OAS select plane Y, if VNAV select any plane.

  2. ARP

  3. THR

  4. THR opposite

  5. SOC or init Miss Approach

  6. and the next points...

As you can see you need to have area from OAS or VNAV or LNAV.

Output

SID_pbn.PNG

In the output window a serie of parameters appears:

Number Point

Type

Specification

Altitude Area

Altitude Track

IAS

ATT

XTT

Semi Width

KK distance

Latest tolerance distance

Turn angle º

Also you get the parameters for the track and minima distance of stabilization calculated for 7%.

Analysis Obstacle

Obstacle Analysis.PNG

You get available for obstacle analysis the following:

SID INIT SEGMENT

MISS APROACH INIT SEGMENT

TNA SID, MISS APPROACH

TP SID, MISS APPROACH

STAR segment on PANS OPS MAIN AREAS.

This specific analysis is going to be explained in obstacle analysis in user guide.

Analysis Obstacle

Obstacle Analysis2.PNG

It takes less than 2 minutes to analysis 200 m size cell from DEM (2.000.000 points) or

up to 10 minutes for 05 m size cell from DME (80.000.000 points)

You get the critical obstacle with a red circle (in layer criticalObstacles) in the drawing and also get the main data in output.

You can move/cut the vertex/insert vertex of the areas  to limit the area to analysis.

Analysis Obstacle

Obstacle Analysis3.PNG

Also you get in the file of the analysis of the first 5000 or 10000 critica obstacle. Now XLS available.

SID

 

PDG is calculated for SID init, TNA, TP segment. Order by PDG.

Miss Approach

OCA for Miss Approach Init Segment is calculated.

slope is calculated in Miss Approach TP, TNA order by difference btw TNA/TP altitude - obstacle altitude - MOC

AIXM

AIXM_sid.PNG

In AirNavCAD we are improving always so we are starting to give the output for the PBN SID in AIXM 5.1 or 5.1.1 and you can see it in a viewer of AIXM like LUCIAD. The xml accomplished the xsd schema and the business rules.

It's very simply as you get the drawing in workspace also you get the xml file in a folder call AIXM.

We are going to get more AIXM outputs.

KML

sid_sevilla_track.PNG

As any area you can export that area to KML.

The nominal TRACK gets altitude, so you can see in kml.

First select all the oas area

then Click 

Basic Operation

Transform to KML

And you get the KML in the folder of KML of the program

My Files / Documents / AirNavCAD / KML

VIDEO 5 SID

VIDEO 6 MISS APPROACH